The word climate just means the average weather pattern over a long time. Climate can feel like a very charged word as we face the environmental destruction caused by human-induced changes in global climate patterns. The term Mediterranean refers to the Mediterranean Basin of Europe, as well as a climate regime experienced there. The five regions in the world which experience a Mediterranean climate are all located about 30°-40° North or South latitude of the Equator. Additionally, they all exist along the southwest coast of a continent where the ocean and wind currents create this unique long-term pattern of weather. These regions also have similarities in their vegetation as well climate. The vegetation of these areas are dominated by evergreen shrublands, with plants leathery leaves.
Our Mediterranean Ecosystem collection is currently being revitalized to include plants with wild provenance data, which is valuable for research purposes in contrast to plants sourced from nurseries. We are grateful to the Jerusalem Botanical Gardens for sharing wild-collected seeds of plants from their region, including the Salvia judaica with purple flowers you can see in the photos below.
Check out this video to learn more about the Mediterranean Climate.